Mediterranean Diet Protects Against Diabetes, Regardless of Weight Loss

Even if it doesn’t lead to weight loss, a Mediterranean diet could help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes, according to a subanalysis of last year’s influential PREDIMED study. In the main trial, reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, nearly 7500 people at high risk for cardiovascular disease were randomized to a low-fat diet or a Mediterranean diet supplemented by either extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts. After nearly 5 years’ follow-up, the study was stopped early because of a significant reduction in cardiovascular events in the Mediterranean diet groups.

The new paper, published in the Annals of Internal Medicineexamines the development of diabetes — a prespecified secondary outcome — among the 3541 participants who did not have diabetes at baseline and for whom the follow-up diabetes status was available. After 4.1 years’ follow-up, there was a significant 30% reduction in the risk for diabetes in the combined Mediterranean diet groups compared with the low-fat diet group (HR 0.70,  CI 0.54 – 0.92)….

Click here to read the full story on Forbes.

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