Common Pain Drugs Linked To More Problems After A Heart Attack

The cardiovascular safety of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and diclofenac has been the subject of considerable uncertainty and controversy. Now a new study published in JAMA raises specific concerns about the safety of these drugs in the highly vulnerable population of people who have had a recent heart attack. … Click here to read the full…

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AstraZeneca Drug Improves Outcomes After Heart Attacks

For the first time a very large trial has shown that dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) improves cardiovascular outcomes when given to patients one to three years after a heart attack. Because it has been shown previously to reduce the high risk of recurrent events for up to a year following a heart attack, DAPT is considered to be…

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Millions Of Americans Taking Aspirin When They Shouldn’t

More than a third of US adults– more than 50 million people– now take aspirin for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. (Primary prevention is the prevention of a first event; secondary prevention is the prevention of a recurrent event.) Although it was once broadly recommended, because of the increased risk of bleeding…

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Women: Don’t Use Aspirin For Routine Prevention Of Heart Attacks, Stroke, And Cancer

Although once widely recommended, aspirin for the prevention of a first heart attack or stroke (primary prevention) has lost favor in recent years, as the large number of bleeding complications appeared to offset the reduction in cardiovascular events. But at the same time evidence has emerged demonstrating the long-term effect of aspirin in preventing colorectal cancer,…

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Large Japanese Trial Casts Further Doubt On Aspirin To Prevent A First Heart Attack

Although once quite popular, the use of aspirin to prevent a first heart attack has grown less popular in recent years as evidence has accumulated that the small benefits are outweighed by the increased risk of bleeding. Now a large trial from Japan has once again failed to provide any evidence to support the use…

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FDA Advisory Panel Offers Cautious Support For Polypill

The controversial polypill took one step closer to reaching the US market after receiving a mostly positive reception from the FDA’s Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee on Wednesday. The idea for the polypill– which in this case would be composed of aspirin, a statin, and one or more blood pressure drugs– has been kicking around for…

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FDA Comes Out Against Aspirin To Prevent First Heart Attacks

In the latest development in a long-simmering debate, the FDA has announced that aspirin should not be marketed for the prevention of a first heart attack or stroke in people with no history of cardiovascular disease. The announcement follows FDA’s rejection on Friday of Bayer Healthcare’s decade-old  petition requesting approval of a primary prevention indication. [PDF of FDA rejection letter]…

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Aspirin and Clonidine Fail to Help Surgery Patients

Heart attacks (myocardial infarctions) are among the most common and serious side effects of noncardiac surgery. An effective regimen to minimize this risk has been the subject of considerable debate in recent years. The controversy was recently exacerbated because the recommendation to use beta-blockers in this setting was based on research which has now been…

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Some Patients With Minor Stroke Or TIA May Benefit From Early Clopidogrel And Aspirin

Some people with minor ischemic stroke or transit ischemic attack (TIA) may benefit from dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel, according to a large new study from China published in the New England Journal of Medicine. In the immediate period following a TIA or minor stroke people are at high risk for having a major stroke. Aspirin…

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Study Suggests Aspirin Resistance May Not Be Real

Is it resistance or pseudoresistance? According to a new study published in Circulation, aspirin resistance may be a myth, an artifact of the enteric coating of most aspirin tablets. The coating, which is designed to prevent gastrointestinal side effects caused by aspirin, may delay or conceal the effects of the drug, the study suggests, but the antiplatelet effects of…

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ARCTIC Blows A Cold Wind On Platelet Function Tests

The use of platelet-function tests to monitor and guide antiplatelet therapy in PCI patients has sparked heated debate. Cardiologists have sought to reconcile biological plausibility with the absence of clinical evidence. Now the ARCTIC (Assessment by a Double Randomization of a Conventional Antiplatelet Strategy versus a Monitoring-guided Strategy for Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation versus Continuation One…

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ASPIRE: Aspirin An Attractive Alternative After First VTE

It is unclear what the best approach is for the long-term treatment of people who have had a first unprovoked episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Although warfarin is effective at preventing a recurrence, it is inconvenient and raises the risk for bleeding. Newer anticoagulants have not been tested or approved for this population. The ASPIRE…

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WOEST: Get Rid Of The Aspirin In Triple Therapy

According to current guidelines and clinical practice, PCI patients already taking an oral anticoagulant generally end up on triple therapy comprising the anticoagulant plus clopidogrel and aspirin. However, there is no supporting evidence base for this approach and the triple therapy regimen is known to increase bleeding complications. Now a new study– the first randomized…

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Real World Bleeding Risk Of Aspirin In Primary Prevention Examined

A new study published in JAMA provides substantial new evidence about the real world effects of aspirin, including the risk of  bleeding, in a broad  population. The study also sheds important new light on the effects of aspirin in a diabetic population. Giorgia De Berardis and colleagues analyzed data from more than 4 million people in…

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Aspirin Found To Prevent Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism

Aspirin can help prevent the recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy, according to results of the WARFASA (the Warfarin and Aspirin) study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Following 6 to 18 months of oral anticoagulation, 403 patients with first-time unprovoked VTE were randomized to aspirin (100 mg daily) or placebo…

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WARCEF: No Advantage For Warfarin Over Aspirin In Heart Failure

A new study offers “no compelling reason” to use warfarin instead of aspirin in heart failure patients who don’t have atrial fibrillation. In a paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Shunichi Homma and members of the Warfarin versus Aspirin in Reduced Cardiac Ejection Fraction (WARCEF) study group report the results of a trial…

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Meta-Analysis Adds New Evidence For Cancer Benefits Of Daily Aspirin

Although daily aspirin was originally proposed to reduce cardiovascular events, the effects on cancer of daily aspirin have become increasingly apparent while the vascular benefits, especially in primary prevention, have become less clear. Now a new meta-analysis in the Lancet adds significantly new details to our understanding about the effects of aspirin and increases the…

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Metaanalysis Raises More Questions About Routine Use of Aspirin for Primary Prevention

Although aspirin can reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) events, the associated increase in bleeding suggests that it should not be used routinely in  people without prior CV disease, say the authors of a new meta-analysis published in Archives of Internal Medicine. Sreenivasa Rao Kondapally Seshasai and colleagues combined data from 9 clinical studies including…

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