Two Trials Explore On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Bypass Surgery

Two large trials presented at the American College of Cardiology meeting in San Francisco and published simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine provide important new information about the ongoing debate over whether CABG should be performed with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. The combined results suggest that both techniques can be effective, and that surgeons…

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CABG Highly Cost Effective In Diabetics With Multivessel Disease

In November the main results of the FREEDOM trial showed that diabetics with multivessel disease do better with CABG than PCI. Now the findings of the trial’s cost-effectiveness study, published online in Circulation, demonstrate that CABG is also highly cost-effective when compared with PCI. Elizabeth Magnuson and colleagues  found that although CABG initially cost nearly $9,000 more…

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FREEDOM Lends Strong Support To CABG For Diabetics With Multivessel Disease

Editor’s note: The embargo on FREEDOM was lifted early after a press release was published by mistake.) Diabetics with multivessel disease do better with CABG than PCI, according to FREEDOM (Future Revascularization Evaluation in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Optimal Management of Multivessel Disease), a large NIH-sponsored study presented at the American Heart Assocation in Los…

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No Benefit Found For Exercise Echocardiography In Asymptomatic Patients Following CABG Or PCI

Routine exercise echocardiography in asymptomatic patients after revascularization does not lead to better outcomes, according to a new study published in Archives of Internal Medicine. Although guidelines generally discourage the practice, post-revascularization stress tests are still commonly performed. Serge Harb and colleagues performed exercise echocardiography on 2,105 patients following CABG surgery or PCI and followed…

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ASCERT Observational Study Finds Long Term Advantage for CABG Over PCI in High Risk Cases

A very large observational study finds that long-term mortality in high risk patients is lower after bypass surgery than after PCI. The results, which were previously revealed in January at the annual meeting of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), were presented in final form at the American College of Cardiology by William Weintraub and published simultaneously…

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Has COURAGE been vindicated?

The ACC, the AHA, and a whole alphabet soup worth of other cardiovascular organizations (SCAI, STS, AATS, ASNC, ASE, HFSA SCCT) have published (or in some cases just endorsed) a report, called the ACCF/SCAI/STS/AATS/AHA/ASNC 2009 Appropriateness Criteria for Coronary Revascularization. The report  will probably provide comfort to those who were big supporters of COURAGE. I’m guessing…

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