The Lancet has formally retracted the Jikei Heart Study paper, originally published in 2007. The retraction had been widely anticipated for more than a month, after a series of news reports in Japan made it clear that the long-simmering controversy over scientific misconduct involving the Novartis blood pressure lowering drug valsartan (Diovan) had come to a full boil. (See our earlier story here.)
As reported previously, the current scandal first began to unfold in late 2011 when a Japanese blogger pointed to a number of apparent errors in publications authored by Hiroaki Matsubara. This ultimately led to a series of retractions of Matsubara’s papers and the retraction of the main paper of the Kyoto Heart Study itself by the European Heart Journal.
In the notice of retraction…
Click here to read the full story on Forbes.
Although deaths from cardiovascular disease have been declining for many years, continued progress is threatened by disturbing trends in US lifestyles. That’s the clear message from the American Heart Association’s year-end report, “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Update 2013,” published in Circulation.
“Americans need to move a lot more, eat healthier and less, and manage risk factors as soon as they develop,” said Dr. Alan S. Go, the chairman of the report’s writing committee, in an AHA press release. “If not, we’ll quickly lose the momentum we’ve gained in reducing heart attack and stroke rates and improving survival over the last few decades.”
Here are some of the key statistics contained in the hefty report:
“The Epidemic of Poor Health Behaviors”
- Among adults, 21.2% of men and 17.5% of women continued to smoke cigarettes. 18.1% of high school students are smokers.
- Among high school students, 17.7% of girls and 10.0% of boys reported they had less than one hour of moderate-to-vigorous exercise.
- Thirty-three percent of adults reported engaging in no aerobic leisure-time physical activity.
- From 1971 to 2004, calorie intake increased from 1542 to 1886 kcal/d (22%) in women and from 2,450 to 2,693 kcal/d (10%) in men. Most of the change is due to an increased consumtpion of starches, refined grains, and sugars.
- 68.2% of adults are overweight or obese. 34.6% are obese.
- 31.8% of children 2-19 years of age are overweight or obese. 16.9% are obese.
“Prevalence and Control of Health Factors and Risks Remains an Issue for Many Americans”
- 13.8% of US adults have serum serum cholesterol levels ≥240 mg/dL.
- 33.0% of US adults have hypertension. About 82% are aware of their condition, 75% receive antihypertensive therapy, but only a little more than half (53%) have achieved target blood pressure levels.
- 8.3% of US adults have been diagnosed with diabetes. 38.2% have abnormal fasting glucose levels (prediabetes).
CV Disease and Mortality
- Although the percentage of deaths attributable to CV disease has been declining for decades, in 2009 CV disease was responsible for nearly one-third (32.3%) of all deaths in the US.
- About 635,000 people have a first MI or CHD death each year. About 280,000 have a second MI.
- About 795,000 people have a new or recurrent stroke each year.
- The 2009 total direct and indirect estimated cost of CVD and stroke: $312.6 billion.
- The 2008 total direct and indirect estimated cost of all cancer and benign neoplasms: $228 billion
Click here to read the AHA press release: